Single molecule microscopy reveals the structural dynamics of individual molecules, otherwise hidden in ensemble-averaged experiments. This provides us with direct observations of key reaction intermediates, even when present at low levels or for short periods of time, allowing us to characterise reaction mechanisms. We use single-molecule microscopy to study four main areas:
- RNA folding: the fundamental principles that govern RNA folding from individual folding motifs to large, multidomain, catalytic RNAs. We also study how RNA helicases aid this process under physiological conditions.
- RNA splicing: the structure and dynamics of two small nuclear RNAs, U2 and U6, that form the active site of the spliceosome – a complex responsible for catalysing RNA splicing.
- DNA replication: the kinetic intermediates involved in proofreading DNA during replication have not been characterised. We investigate this process by monitoring the movement of E. coli DNA polymerase I on a DNA template during DNA synthesis with single base-pair resolution.
- ssDNA scanning and deamination: the APOBEC family of enzymes comprise single-stranded DNA cytosine deaminases that are important in eliminating retroviral infectivity and initiating somatic hypermutation. We investigate ssDNA scanning and motif-targeting mechanisms for the APOBEC enzymes, Apo3G and AID
Gahlon HL, Walker AR, Cisneros GA, Lamers MH, Rueda DS. (2018). Reduced structural flexibility for an exonuclease deficient DNA polymerase III mutant Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics DOI: 10.1039/c8cp04112a
Willhoft O, Ghoneim M, Lin C-L, Chua EYD, Wilkinson M, Chaban Y, Ayala R, McCormack EA, Ocloo L, Rueda DS, Wigley DB. (2018). Structure and dynamics of the yeast SWR1-nucleosome complex Science 362 (6411), eaat7716. DOI: 10.1126/science.aat7716.
Autour A, C Y Jeng S, D Cawte A, Abdolahzadeh A, Galli A, Panchapakesan SSS, Rueda DS, Ryckelynck M, Unrau PJ. (2018). Fluorogenic RNA Mango aptamers for imaging small non-coding RNAs in mammalian cells. Nature Communications 9(1), 656.
Billman MR, Rueda DS, Bangham CRM. (2017). Single-cell heterogeneity and cell-cycle-related viral gene bursts in the human leukaemia virus HTLV-1. Wellcome open research 2.
Senavirathne G, Bertram JG, Jaszczur M, Chaurasiya KR, Pham P, Mak CH, Goodman MF, Rueda DS. (2015). Activation-induced deoxycytidine deaminase (AID) co-transcriptional scanning at single-molecule resolution. Nature Communications 6, 10209.
Taylor MRG, Špírek M, Chaurasiya KR, Ward JD, Carzaniga R, Yu X, Egelman EH, Collinson LM, Rueda DS, Krejci L, Boulton SJ. (2015). Rad51 paralogs remodel pre-synaptic Rad51 filaments to stimulate homologous recombination. Cell 162(2), 271-286.
Paudel BP, Rueda DS. (2014). Molecular crowding accelerates ribozyme docking and catalysis. Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(48), 16700-16703.